As a female, you go through different stages in life. From puberty in your teenage years, to menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause with age. During these stages, your oral needs will change. This is especially true for your gums!
Puberty: When you reach puberty, your female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen increase and thus causes your blood circulation to increase especially in your gums. The hormonal changes can exaggerate the way your gum tissues react to bacteria in plaques, which can eventually cause periodontal problems.
Menstrual Cycle: Swollen, red and bleeding gums are more common during the menstrual cycle. This is because of the increased production of progesterone hormone before the menstruation begins. During this period, it is essential that you keep your oral cavity healthy. Good oral hygiene that includes proper flossing and brushing is necessary to prevent your gum condition from worsening.
Pregnancy: When you’re pregnant, you are more prone to periodontal disease. Hormonal changes affect your body including your teeth and gums. According to some research, having gingivitis and periodontal disease can increase the risk of delivering a premature, low birth weight infant.
Menopause: During Menopause, problems in the mouth including gum disease are not directly related to the changes in your body. On rare occasions, some women experience menopausal gingivostomatitis, where their gums bleed more easily. Their gums can also become dry and shiny and appear pale or deep red.
To learn more about periodontal disease, contact us at Oradental in Toronto.