A tooth may need to be extracted (removed) for a variety of reasons. These include:

  • Teeth that are severely decayed
  • Periodontal disease
  • Teeth fractured beyond repair
  • Teeth that are poorly positioned in the mouth (i.e. impacted teeth, supernumerary teeth)
  • In preparation for orthodontic treatment



Wisdom teeth (or third molars) are the last teeth to erupt in the mouth usually between the ages of 17-25. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, however, having fewer or more than four wisdom teeth is not uncommon. To evaluate third molars, a Panoramic x-ray may be taken during your exam.

Wisdom teeth do not need to be removed when they align properly and the gum tissue is healthy. However, this is generally not the case. Common reasons for wisdom tooth removal include:

  • Incorrect growth/Impaction
  • Pain and irritation
  • Difficulty eating
  • Cyst formation around the teeth
  • Sinus complications
  • Decay
  • Inflamed gums and localized gum infections


Early removal is often recommended to avoid future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure