The foundation of a perfect smile is having healthy gums. A combination of your gums and bone hold your teeth in place, and when one or both of these is compromised it can be detrimental if left untreated. Gingivitis, the earliest stage of gum disease, occurs when bacteria accumulates in the mouth, attacking your teeth and gum tissue. Symptoms include: redness, swelling along gum line, bleeding (especially when brushing or flossing) and tenderness.
When gingivitis is left untreated, this can progress to a more serious condition known as periodontitis. The gums start to separate from the teeth, leaving spaces where bacteria can begin to eat away at exposed tooth roots and supporting bone structure. Poor oral hygiene, smokers and women who are pregnant or experiencing hormonal changes are at a higher risk for gum disease. Research even suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease. Our dentists will check for signs of gum disease such as: gums that bleed easily, loose teeth, persistent bad breath, receding gums, and spaces that form between teeth and gum tissue. In addition, x-rays may be taken to check for signs of bone loss around the teeth.