The mouth may seem small but is considered to be the window to our overall health. It is responsible for many functions including eating, drinking, speaking and showing off a beautiful smile!
At Oradental we are happy to help share a quick overview of the anatomy of our mouth and the roles that each part plays:
Incisors are chisel-shaped front teeth (consisting of four upper and four lower). These teeth are sharp and used for cutting food.
Canines have points and are used for tearing and grasping food.
Premolars have two pointed cusps on their biting surface and are used for crushing and tearing food.
Molars have several cusps on their surface to help with grinding and chewing food.
Crowns are the top area of the tooth and are also the most visible part if the tooth to the eye. The shape of the crown plays a part in the tooth’s function. For example, the front teeth are sharp for cutting and molars have flat surfaces for chewing and grinding.
The Gum line is where the tooth and gums meet. Plaque can build up at the gum line and lead to gingivitis or gum disease if proper routine brushing is not done.
Enamel is the outer layer of the tooth and the hardest part!
Dentin is the layer under the enamel of the tooth.
Pulp is the soft tissue found in the centre of all teeth. This is also where the nerve tissue and blood vessels are located.
To learn more about your oral health and how to best take care of it contact our dental team, Oradental located in Scarborough, Toronto.